V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University is a higher education institution located in Simferopol. It is one of the 10 federal universities of the Russian Federation.
Crimean Federal University traces its history back to the establishment of Taurida University – the first institution of higher education in Crimea.
V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University is the successor to Taurida University, the first institution of higher education in Crimea, which was established in 1918 on the initiative of Solomon Samoylovich Krym.
Lectures at the Department of Physics and Mathematics and the Department of Medicine, located then in Yalta, started in May 1918. By autumn 1918, all five University departments – History and Philology, Physics and Mathematics, Law, Medicine and Agronomy – relocated to Simferopol. They were accommodated in the premises of a former military hospital, women’s diocesan school, a seminary, and in private properties.
Among the originators of Taurida University were the scientists of Kiev University. They elected the first board headed by the rector – an eminent figure in medical science, professor R.I. Gelwig. After the death of R.I. Gelwig, on October 13, 1920 academician V.I. Vernadsky was elected rector of Taurida University.
With the establishment of Soviet authority, the University was reorganized. On February 1, 1921, it was renamed as M.V. Frunze Crimean University. During the 1920s and early 1930s it formed the basis for the foundation of three higher education institutions: pedagogical, medical, and agricultural institutes.
Crimean State Pedagogical Institute was established in 1925. In February 1972, the Institute was reorganized as M.V. Frunze Simferopol State University.
At different points in time, among the University’s most notable alumni were academician D.I. Shcherbakov (1922), academician I.V. Kurchatov and member of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences K.D. Sinelnikov (1923), corresponding members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR G.M. Frank (1925) and K.I. Shchyolknin (1932).
A number of prominent scientists lived and worked in Crimea during the years of the University’s existence (1918 – 1925). Many of the University’s professors are now the pride of Russian science. Among them are V.I. Vernadsky, V.A. Obruchev, A.A. Baikov, V.I. Palladin, A.V. Palladin, P.P. Sushkin, V.I. Smirnov, N.M. Krylov, A.F. Ioffe, I.E. Tamm, B.D. Grekov, E.P. Pavlovsky.
The intention to create a new federal university was announced by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on March 31, 2014 at a government meeting in Simferopol. In an interview with Izvestia newspaper on April 10, 2014, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Dmitry Livanov said that the federal university would be created on the basis of Vernadsky Taurida University.
On August 4, 2014, Crimean Federal University has been established by the Decree of Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. The tenth federal university encompasses the leading Crimean universities, institutes, and research and science institutions. The University has more than 35,000 students from Russia and 53 countries.